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23 September
BIRTHS * Léon Charles François Kreutzer French writer on music and composer. (1817, 200 years) * Carlos Fernández Shaw Spanish librettist. (1865) * Montagu Slater English librettist. (1902) * Nicola Moscona Greek bass. (1907) * Jarmila Novotná Czech soprano. (1907) * Sándor Kónya Hungarian tenor. (1923) * Spas Wenkoff Bulgarian tenor. (1928) * Andrew Lamb English writer. (1942) * Kathryn Montgomery-Meissner American soprano. (1952) * William Shimell English baritone. (1952)

DEATHS * Nicolaus Adam Strungk German composer. (1700) * Carlo Agostino Badia Italian composer. (1738) * Vincenzo Bellini Italian composer. (1835) * Prosper Mérimée French novelist and short-story writer. (1870) * Gilbert Duprez French tenor and composer. (1896) * Alfred Piccaver English tenor. (1958) * Arwel Hughes Welsh composer and conductor. (1988)

PREMIERES Armide Christoph Willibald Gluck; Paris, Opéra, 23 September 1777. König Hirsch Hans Werner Henze; Berlin, Städtische Oper, 23 September 1956. Louis Riel Harry Somers; Toronto, O'Keefe Centre, 23 September 1967. (50 years).
 

24 September
BIRTHS * Giovanni Francesco Busenello Italian librettist. (1598) * Tomás López Torregrosa Spanish composer. (1868) * Karin Branzell Swedish contralto. (1891) * Rafael Millán Spanish composer. (1893) * Lina Bruna Rasa Italian soprano. (1907) * Helmut Melchert German tenor. (1910) * Ettore Gracis Italian conductor. (1915) * Vaclav Nelhybel American composer. (1919) * Cornell MacNeil American baritone. (1922) * Ettore Bastianini Italian baritone. (1922) * Pablo Elvira Puerto Rican baritone. (1938)

DEATHS * Georg Gebel German composer. (1755) * André-Ernest-Modeste Grétry Liégeois composer. (1813) * Carl Gottfried Theodor Winkler German poet, impresario and journalist. (1856) * Rudolf Dellinger German composer and conductor. (1910) * Pierre de Bréville French composer. (1949)

PREMIERES Le cinesi Christoph Willibald Gluck; Vienna, Schlosshof, 24 September 1754. Echo et Narcisse Christoph Willibald Gluck; Paris, Opéra, 24 September 1779.
 

25 September
BIRTHS * Jean-Philippe Rameau French composer and theorist. (1683) * Nicola Conforto Italian composer. (1718) * Václav Pichl Czech composer. (1741) * Carl Stenborg Swedish singer, composer, translator and impresario. (1752) * Luigi Caruso Italian composer. (1754) * Etienne Tréfeu French librettist. (1821) * Jaroslav Kvapil Czech poet, dramatist and librettist. (1868) * Jesús Guridi Spanish composer. (1886) * Roberto Gerhard Spanish composer. (1896) * Dennis Noble English baritone. (1899) * Dmitry Shostakovich Russian composer. (1906) * F W Sternfeld British musicologist. (1914) * Gerda Lammers German soprano. (1915) * Tolia Nikiprowetzky French composer. (1916) * Sir Colin Davis English conductor. (1927) * Rita Cullis English soprano. (1952) * Adelina Scarabelli Italian soprano. (1953)

DEATHS * Johann Christoph Pez German composer. (1716) * Giovanni Battista Ferrandini Italian composer. (1791) * Pierre François Laporte French actor and impresario. (1841) * Napoleon Lambelet Greek composer and conductor. (1932) * Leo Justinius Kauffmann German composer. (1944) * Albertine Morin-Labrecque Canadian composer. (1957) * Ennio Porrino Italian composer. (1959) * Estelle Liebling American soprano and teacher. (1970) * Efim Golishev Ukrainian composer and painter. (1970) * Mirto Picchi Italian tenor. (1980) * Peter van der Bilt Dutch bass-baritone. (1983) * Jean Françaix French composer. (1997)

PREMIERES Romeo und Julie Georg Benda; Gotha, Schloss Friedenstein, 25 September 1776. Le chalet Adolphe Adam; Paris, Opéra-Comique, 25 September 1834. Drot og marsk Peter Heise; Copenhagen, Royal Theatre, 25 September 1878.