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21 September
BIRTHS * Cigoli Italian scene designer and deviser of displays. (1559) * Gaetano Valeri Italian composer. (1760) * Louis-Emmanuel Jadin French composer. (1768) * Josef Richard Rozkošný Czech composer. (1833) * Otto Lohse German conductor. (1858) * Henryk Melcer-Szczawiński Polish composer. (1869) * Gustav Holst English composer. (1874) * Vladimir Ruzdjak Croatian baritone. (1922) * David Rosen American musicologist. (1938) * Atli Heimir Sveinsson Icelandic composer. (1938) * Jill Gomez British soprano. (1942) * Werner Krenn Austrian tenor. (1943) * Gail V Gilmore American mezzo-soprano. (1950) * Alessandro Corbelli Italian baritone. (1952) * Nina Rautio Russian soprano. (1957)

DEATHS * Giovanni Andrea Moniglia Italian librettist. (1700) * Alexander Reinagle English composer. (1809) * Emanuel Schikaneder Austrian dramatist, theatre director, actor, singer and composer. (1812) * Walter Scott Scottish poet and novelist. (1832) * José María Ponce de León Colombian composer. (1882) * Roger Quilter English composer. (1953) * Agnes Nicholls English soprano. (1959) * José Mojica Mexican tenor. (1974) * Tony Aubin French composer. (1981) * Arnold Matters Australian baritone. (1990) * Paul Henry Lang American musicologist. (1991)

PREMIERES Der Vampyr Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner; Stuttgart, Hoftheater, 21 September 1828. Marina pascual emilio Arrieta; Madrid, Teatro del Circo, 21 September 1855.
 

22 September
BIRTHS * Emil Ábrányi Hungarian composer and conductor. (1882) * Herbert Janssen German baritone. (1892) * Elisabeth Rethberg German soprano. (1894) * A J Potter Irish composer. (1918) * Roger Hannay American composer. (1930) * Colin Graham English director. (1931) * Nello Santi Italian conductor. (1931) * Leonardo Balada American composer. (1933) * Edward Bogusławski Polish composer. (1940) * Anna Tomowa-Sintow Bulgarian soprano. (1941) * Gilbert Deflo Belgian director. (1944) * John Tomlinson English bass. (1946)

DEATHS * Georg Philipp Harsdörffer German poet and librettist. (1658) * Francesco Mancini Italian composer. (1737) * Michel Pignolet de Montéclair French composer. (1737) * Giuseppe Bardari Italian librettist. (1861) * H B Farnie Scottish librettist and translator. (1889) * Cornelis Bronsgeest Dutch baritone. (1957) * Josef Matthias Hauer Austrian composer. (1959) * Carlo Galeffi Italian baritone. (1961) * Artur Rother German conductor. (1972) * Marta Fuchs German soprano. (1974) * Franz Salmhofer Austrian composer. (1975) * Irving Berlin American composer. (1989) * Maurice Abravanel American conductor. (1993)

PREMIERES Soliman den andra Joseph Martin Kraus; Stockholm, Royal Dramatic Theatre, 22 September 1789. Das Rheingold Richard Wagner; Munich, Königliches Hof- und Nationaltheater, 22 September 1869.
 

23 September
BIRTHS * Léon Charles François Kreutzer French writer on music and composer. (1817, 200 years) * Carlos Fernández Shaw Spanish librettist. (1865) * Montagu Slater English librettist. (1902) * Nicola Moscona Greek bass. (1907) * Jarmila Novotná Czech soprano. (1907) * Sándor Kónya Hungarian tenor. (1923) * Spas Wenkoff Bulgarian tenor. (1928) * Andrew Lamb English writer. (1942) * Kathryn Montgomery-Meissner American soprano. (1952) * William Shimell English baritone. (1952)

DEATHS * Nicolaus Adam Strungk German composer. (1700) * Carlo Agostino Badia Italian composer. (1738) * Vincenzo Bellini Italian composer. (1835) * Prosper Mérimée French novelist and short-story writer. (1870) * Gilbert Duprez French tenor and composer. (1896) * Alfred Piccaver English tenor. (1958) * Arwel Hughes Welsh composer and conductor. (1988)

PREMIERES Armide Christoph Willibald Gluck; Paris, Opéra, 23 September 1777. König Hirsch Hans Werner Henze; Berlin, Städtische Oper, 23 September 1956. Louis Riel Harry Somers; Toronto, O'Keefe Centre, 23 September 1967. (50 years).