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18 February
BIRTHS * Denis Pierre Jean Papillon de la Ferté French administrator. (1725) * John Parry Welsh composer. (1776) * George Henschel English composer and baritone. (1850) * Louis Laloy French musicologist and administrator. (1874) * Petar Krstić Serbian composer. (1877) * Walter Herbert American conductor and administrator. (1902) * Marcel Landowski French composer. (1915) * James R Anthony American musicologist. (1922) * Rita Gorr Belgian mezzo-soprano. (1926) * Dieter Schönbach German composer. (1931) * Aldo Ceccato Italian conductor. (1934) * Marek Janowski Polish conductor. (1939) * Angeles Gulin Spanish soprano. (1943)

DEATHS * Peter Anthony Motteux English writer, playwright and opera pasticheur. (1718, 300 years) * Nicola Fago Italian composer and teacher. (1745) * August Gottlieb Meissner German librettist. (1807) * Alphonse-Toussaint-Joseph-André-Marie-Marseille Fortia de Piles French composer. (1826) * Giovanni Liverati Italian composer, conductor and singer. (1846) * William Hawes English musician. (1846) * Gustave Charpentier French composer. (1956) * Jaroslav Kvapil Czech composer and conductor. (1959) * Casimir von Pászthory Austrian composer. (1966) * Alessandro Ziliani Italian tenor. (1977) * Theo Herrmann Austrian bass. (1977) * Antonio de Almeida French conductor. (1997)

PREMIERES Alcyone Marin Marais; Paris, Opéra, 18 February 1706. Pia de' Tolomei Gaetano Donizetti; Venezia, Teatro Apollo, 18 February 1837. Philémon et Baucis Charles-François Gounod; Paris, Théâtre Lyrique, 18 February 1860. Le jongleur de Notre-Dame Jules Massenet; Monte Carlo, Opéra, 18 February 1902. Der Zar lässt sich photographieren Kurt Weill; Leipzig, Neues Theater, 18 February 1928. Der Silbersee Kurt Weill; simultaneous premières at Leipzig, Altes Theater; Erfurt, Stadttheater; and Magdeburg, Stadttheater, 18 February 1933. The Telephone Gian Carlo Menotti; New York, Heckscher Theatre, 18 February 1947. L'idiota Luciano Chailly; Roma, Teatro dell'Opera, 18 February 1970.
 

19 February
BIRTHS * Francesco Sbarra Italian librettist. (1611) * Francesco de Lemene Italian librettist. (1634) * Charles-Hubert Gervais French composer. (1671) * David Garrick English actor, manager and playwright. (1717) * Gottlieb Stephanie German actor, playwright and librettist. (1741) * Luigi Boccherini Italian composer and cellist. (1743) * Lauro Rossi Italian composer. (1812) * Emanuel Moór Hungarian composer. (1863) * Louis Aubert French composer. (1877) * Willi Domgraf-Fassbänder German baritone. (1897) * Grace Williams Welsh composer. (1906) * Nikola Hercigonja Croatian composer. (1911) * Michael Kennedy English writer on music. (1926) * Jean-Pierre Ponnelle French director and stage designer. (1932) * Vladimir Atlantov Russian tenor. (1939) * Stefania Toczyska Polish mezzo-soprano. (1943) * Alexander Vladimirovich Chaykovsky Russian composer. (1946) * Fabio Vacchi Italian composer. (1949)

DEATHS * Giulio Maria Cavalletti Italian soprano castrato and composer. (1755) * Pierre Louis Moline French writer. (1821) * Jerónimo Francisco de Lima Portuguese composer. (1822) * Arthur Clifton American composer and singer. (1832) * Georg Büchner German dramatist. (1837) * Jean-François-Alfred Bayard French librettist and dramatist. (1853) * Ferdinand Sieber Austrian singer and teacher. (1895) * Borys Volodymyrovych Pidhorets'ky Ukrainian composer. (1919) * Jerónimo Giménez Spanish composer and conductor. (1923) * Robert Fuchs Austrian composer. (1927) * Arnold Mendelssohn German composer. (1933) * Edyth Walker American mezzo-soprano. (1950) * Edmund Burke Canadian bass. (1970) * Pavel Ludikar Czech bass. (1970) * Luigi Dallapiccola Italian composer. (1975) * Lois Marshall Canadian soprano. (1997)

PREMIERES Orontea Antonio Cesti; Innsbruck, Teatro di Sala, 19 February 1656. Adelaide Antonio Sartorio; Venezia, Teatro S Salvatore, 1672. Orione Johann Christian Bach; London, King's Theatre in the Haymarket, 19 February 1763. Bianca und Giuseppe Jan Bedřich Kittl; Prague, Estates Theatre, 19 February 1848. Messidor Alfred Bruneau; Paris, Opéra, 19 February 1897. Francesca da Rimini Riccardo Zandonai; Turin, Teatro Regio, 19 February 1914.
 

20 February
BIRTHS * Marco Contarini Italian patron. (1632) * Cornelis Sweerts Netherlands librettist and poet. (1669) * Franz Ignaz Beck German composer and conductor. (1734) * Nicola Antonio Manfroce Italian composer. (1791) * Józef Poniatowski Polish composer and tenor. (1816) * Joseph Victor Widmann Swiss librettist. (1842) * Viktor Parma Slovene composer. (1858) * Carl Ebert German director and administrator. (1887) * Antonio Veretti Italian composer. (1900) * Nadine Conner American soprano. (1913) * Baldwin Bergersen American composer. (1914) * Julius Juzeliūnas Lithuanian composer. (1916) * Toshirō Mayuzumi Japanese composer. (1929) * Margareta Hallin Swedish soprano. (1931) * Giorgio Merighi Italian tenor. (1939) * Anthony Davis American composer. (1951) * Riccardo Chailly Italian conductor. (1953)

DEATHS * Luigi Rossi Italian composer. (1653) * Giovanni Battista Mastini Italian composer. (1771) * Francesco Poncini Zilioli Italian composer. (1782) * Joseph II . Holy Roman Emperor and Archduke of Austria. (1790) * Johann Joseph Emmert German composer. (1809) * Eugène Scribe French dramatist and librettist. (1861) * Louis Dietsch French composer. (1865) * Ferenc Fricsay Hungarian conductor. (1963) * Ernest Ansermet Swiss conductor. (1969) * Marta Krásová Czech mezzo-soprano. (1970) * Albert Wolff French composer. (1970) * Fikret Amirov Azerbaijani composer. (1984) * Ivan Brkanović Croatian composer. (1987) * Gheorghe Dumitrescu Romanian composer. (1996)

PREMIERES Pompeo magno Francesco Cavalli; Venezia, Teatro S Salvatore, 20 February 1666. Il barbiere di Siviglia Gioachino Rossini; Roma, Teatro Argentina, 20 February 1816. Der Verschwender Conradin Kreutzer; Vienna, Theater in der Josefstadt, 20 February 1834. Die beiden Schützen Albert Lortzing; Leipzig, Stadttheater, 20 February 1837. The Legend of the Invisible City of Kitezh and the Maiden Fevroniya Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 7/20 February 1907.