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21 January
BIRTHS * Manuel García Spanish composer, tenor, director and singing teacher. (1775) * Joseph Méry French playwright and librettist. (1797) * Philip Napier Miles English composer. (1865) * Timothy Spelman American composer. (1891) * Hilde Rössl-Majdan Austrian contralto. (1921) * Miloslav Kořínek Slovak composer. (1925) * Zbigniew Bargielski Polish composer. (1937) * Plácido Domingo Spanish tenor. (1941) * Neely Bruce American composer and conductor. (1944)

DEATHS * Domenico Mazzocchi Italian composer. (1665) * Giuseppe Alfiero Italian composer. (1665) * Marco Ricci Italian scene painter. (1730) * Giuseppe Carpani Italian librettist and writer on music. (1825) * Albert Lortzing German composer. (1851) * Franz Grillparzer Austrian dramatist and poet. (1872) * Calixa Lavallée Canadian composer. (1891) * Felix Blumenfeld Russian conductor. (1931) * Béla Jenbach Austrian librettist. (1943) * Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Italian composer. (1948) * Petar Krstić Serbian composer. (1957) * John J Becker American composer. (1961) * Elvira de Hidalgo Spanish soprano. (1980) * Huc-Santana Argentine bass. (1982) * Kari Nurmela Finnish baritone. (1984) * Joel Berglund Swedish bass-baritone. (1985)

PREMIERES May Night Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 9/21 January 1880. Jenůfa Leoš Janáček; Brno, National Theatre, 21 January 1904. Der Schatzgräber Franz Schreker; Frankfurt, 21 January 1920.
 

22 January
BIRTHS * Vincenzo Righini Italian composer, singing teacher and conductor. (1756) * René Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt French librettist and dramatist. (1773) * Stefano Pavesi Italian composer. (1779) * François-Antoine Habeneck French conductor. (1781) * Byron English poet. (1788) * Josef Leopold Zvonař Czech composer. (1824) * Henri Maréchal French composer. (1842) * August Strindberg Swedish writer and dramatist. (1849) * Charles Tournemire French composer and organist. (1870) * John J Becker American composer. (1886) * Rosa Ponselle American soprano. (1897) * Franz Salmhofer Austrian composer. (1900) * Suzanne Danco Belgian soprano. (1911) * Emmy Loose Czech soprano. (1914) * William Warfield American bass. (1920) * Hans Günter Nöcker German bass-baritone. (1927) * Tilo Medek German composer. (1940)

DEATHS * Marc'Antonio Ziani Italian composer. (1715) * George Rodwell English composer and playwright. (1852) * Iwan Knorr German composer. (1916) * Andrés de Segurola Spanish bass. (1953) * Marc Blitzstein American composer. (1964) * Franco Abbiati Italian critic. (1981) * Kristo Kono Albanian composer. (1991) * Carlo Cossutta Italian tenor. (2000)

PREMIERES Ruddigore Arthur Sullivan; London, Savoy Theatre, 22 January 1887. Oceàna Antonio Smareglia; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 22 January 1903. Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District Dmitry Shostakovich; Leningrad, Malïy Opernïy Teatr, 22 January 1934. Cyrano de Bergerac Franco Alfano; Roma, Teatro Reale, 22 January 1936.
 

23 January
BIRTHS * Christian August Vulpius German writer. (1762) * Jean-Nicolas Bouilly French librettist. (1763) * Stendhal French writer. (1783) * Hans Heinrich XIV Hochberg German administrator and composer. (1843) * Rutland Boughton English composer and writer. (1878) * Bolesław Wallek-Walewski Polish composer and conductor. (1885) * Vladimir Rosing Russian tenor and director. (1890) * Antanas Sodeika Lithuanian baritone. (1890) * Sergey Eisenstein Soviet film director. (1898) * Dušan Kostić Serbian composer. (1925) * Manfred Schenk German bass. (1930) * Teresa Zylis-Gara Polish soprano. (1935) * Lajos Miller Hungarian baritone. (1940)

DEATHS * Gottlieb Stephanie German actor, playwright and librettist. (1800) * Václav Pichl Czech composer. (1805) * Adolf Jensen German composer. (1879) * Francisco de Sá Noronha Portuguese composer. (1881) * Władysław Żeleński Polish composer. (1921) * Joseph Carl Breil American composer and singer. (1926) * Jaroslav Křička Czech composer. (1969) * Samuel Barber American composer. (1981) * Charles Craig English tenor. (1997) * Nino Pirrotta Italian musicologist. (1998)

PREMIERES Ulysse Jean-Féry Rebel; Paris, Opéra, 23 January 1703. Iphigénie en Tauride Niccolò Piccinni; Paris, Opéra, 23 January 1781. La fiamma Ottorino Respighi; Roma, Teatro Reale dell'Opera, 23 January 1934.