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20 January
BIRTHS * Ottavio Rinuccini Italian librettist. (1562) * Francesco Bartolomeo Conti Italian composer. (1681) * Buono Giuseppe Chiodi Italian composer. (1728) * Giovanni Domenico Perotti Italian composer. (1761) * Sebastián Iradier Spanish composer. (1809) * Ernest Chausson French composer. (1855) * Rudolf Bernauer Austrian librettist. (1880) * Gabriele Santini Italian conductor. (1886) * Eva Jessye American choral conductor. (1895) * Wilfred Conwell Bain American administrator. (1908) * Ennio Porrino Italian composer. (1910) * Teodor Bratu Romanian composer. (1922) * Valdo Sciammarella Argentine composer. (1924) * Antonio de Almeida French conductor. (1928) * André Jobin Canadian tenor. (1933) * Ugo Benelli Italian tenor. (1935) * Sándor Balassa Hungarian composer. (1935) * Jean-Louis Martinoty French producer and administrator. (1946)

DEATHS * Giovanni Carlo Bonlini Italian writer. (1731) * Florian Leopold Gassmann Bohemian composer. (1774) * David Garrick English actor, manager and playwright. (1779) * Christian Cannabich German composer. (1798) * Christoph Martin Wieland German poet, dramatist and librettist. (1813) * Franz Paul Lachner German composer. (1890) * Miguel Echegaray Spanish librettist. (1927) * Armando Borgioli Italian baritone. (1945) * Nikolay Bol'shakov Russian tenor. (1958) * Robert Donington English musicologist. (1990) * Marko Rothmüller Croatian baritone. (1993) * Jacques Chailley French composer and musicologist. (1999)

PREMIERES Le carnaval de Venise André Campra; Paris, Opéra, 20 January 1699. Rosamunde Anton Schweitzer; Mannheim, Nationaltheater, 20 January 1780. Die drei Pintos Carl Maria von Weber; Leipzig, Neues Stadttheater, 20 January 1888, in a version completed by {Gustav Mahler}. La Wally Alfredo Catalani; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 20 January 1892. Giuditta Franz Lehár; Vienna, Staatsoper, 20 January 1934.
 

21 January
BIRTHS * Manuel García Spanish composer, tenor, director and singing teacher. (1775) * Joseph Méry French playwright and librettist. (1797) * Philip Napier Miles English composer. (1865) * Timothy Spelman American composer. (1891) * Hilde Rössl-Majdan Austrian contralto. (1921) * Miloslav Kořínek Slovak composer. (1925) * Zbigniew Bargielski Polish composer. (1937) * Plácido Domingo Spanish tenor. (1941) * Neely Bruce American composer and conductor. (1944)

DEATHS * Domenico Mazzocchi Italian composer. (1665) * Giuseppe Alfiero Italian composer. (1665) * Marco Ricci Italian scene painter. (1730) * Giuseppe Carpani Italian librettist and writer on music. (1825) * Albert Lortzing German composer. (1851) * Franz Grillparzer Austrian dramatist and poet. (1872) * Calixa Lavallée Canadian composer. (1891) * Felix Blumenfeld Russian conductor. (1931) * Béla Jenbach Austrian librettist. (1943) * Ermanno Wolf-Ferrari Italian composer. (1948) * Petar Krstić Serbian composer. (1957) * John J Becker American composer. (1961) * Elvira de Hidalgo Spanish soprano. (1980) * Huc-Santana Argentine bass. (1982) * Kari Nurmela Finnish baritone. (1984) * Joel Berglund Swedish bass-baritone. (1985)

PREMIERES May Night Nikolay Andreyevich Rimsky-Korsakov; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 9/21 January 1880. Jenůfa Leoš Janáček; Brno, National Theatre, 21 January 1904. Der Schatzgräber Franz Schreker; Frankfurt, 21 January 1920.
 

22 January
BIRTHS * Vincenzo Righini Italian composer, singing teacher and conductor. (1756) * René Charles Guilbert de Pixérécourt French librettist and dramatist. (1773) * Stefano Pavesi Italian composer. (1779) * François-Antoine Habeneck French conductor. (1781) * Byron English poet. (1788) * Josef Leopold Zvonař Czech composer. (1824) * Henri Maréchal French composer. (1842) * August Strindberg Swedish writer and dramatist. (1849) * Charles Tournemire French composer and organist. (1870) * John J Becker American composer. (1886) * Rosa Ponselle American soprano. (1897) * Franz Salmhofer Austrian composer. (1900) * Suzanne Danco Belgian soprano. (1911) * Emmy Loose Czech soprano. (1914) * William Warfield American bass. (1920) * Hans Günter Nöcker German bass-baritone. (1927) * Tilo Medek German composer. (1940)

DEATHS * Marc'Antonio Ziani Italian composer. (1715) * George Rodwell English composer and playwright. (1852) * Iwan Knorr German composer. (1916) * Andrés de Segurola Spanish bass. (1953) * Marc Blitzstein American composer. (1964) * Franco Abbiati Italian critic. (1981) * Kristo Kono Albanian composer. (1991) * Carlo Cossutta Italian tenor. (2000)

PREMIERES Ruddigore Arthur Sullivan; London, Savoy Theatre, 22 January 1887. Oceàna Antonio Smareglia; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 22 January 1903. Lady Macbeth of the Mtsensk District Dmitry Shostakovich; Leningrad, Malïy Opernïy Teatr, 22 January 1934. Cyrano de Bergerac Franco Alfano; Roma, Teatro Reale, 22 January 1936.