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21 February
BIRTHS * Giovanni Andrea Bontempi Italian composer, librettist and architect. (1625) * Nicolò Beregan Italian lawyer, poet and librettist. (1627) * Johann Augustin Kobelius German composer. (1674) * Vincenzo Lavigna Italian composer and teacher. (1776) * Johann Wenzel Kalliwoda Bohemian composer. (1801) * Nicolò Gabrielli Italian composer. (1814) * Henri Meilhac French playwright and librettist. (1831) * Léo Delibes French composer. (1836) * Emil Hartmann Danish composer. (1836) * Charles-Marie Widor French organist, composer and teacher. (1844) * Svatopluk Čech Czech poet and writer. (1846) * Pierre de Bréville French composer. (1861) * Otto Kahn American patron. (1867, 150 years) * Eugen David Haile American composer. (1873) * Fritz Cortolezis German composer. (1878) * Maria Nežádal Czech soprano. (1897) * W H Auden English poet and librettist. (1907) * Brian Trowell English scholar, director and translator. (1931) * Heinz Zednik Austrian tenor. (1940) * Lisbeth Balslev Danish soprano. (1945) * John Bröcheler Dutch baritone. (1945)

DEATHS * Paolo Magni Italian composer. (1737) * Antoine Danchet French librettist. (1748) * Antonio Rodríguez de Hita Spanish composer. (1787) * Johan David Zander Swedish composer and conductor. (1796) * Etienne Scio French composer. (1796) * Rafael Aceves Spanish composer. (1876) * John Oxenford English dramatist, librettist and critic. (1877) * John Pyke Hullah English composer and teacher. (1884) * Hedwig Lachmann German translator and poet. (1918) * Giovanni Bolzoni Italian conductor and composer. (1919) * Guerrina Fabbri Italian contralto. (1946) * Marguerite Sylva American soprano. (1957) * Erika Köth German soprano. (1989) * Eva Jessye American choral conductor. (1992)

PREMIERES Spartaco Giuseppe Porsile; Vienna, Kleines Hoftheater, 21 February 1726. La rosa bianca e la rosa rossa Simon Mayr; Genova, Teatro S Agostino, 21 February 1813. Khovanshchina Modest Petrovich Musorgsky; St Petersburg, Amateur Musical-Dramatic Club in Kononov Auditorium, 9/21 February 1886, in Rimsky-Korsakov's version. Mala vita Umberto Giordano; Roma, Teatro Argentina, 21 February 1892. A Village Romeo and Juliet Frederick Delius; Berlin, Komische Oper, 21 February 1907. Abesalom da Eteri Zakhary Petrovich Paliashvili; Tbilisi, Georgian National Opera House, 21 February 1919.
 

22 February
BIRTHS * Joseph Felix von Kurz Austrian comic actor, singer, dramatist and theatre manager. (1717, 300 years) * João de Sousa Carvalho Portuguese composer. (1745) * Karl Jacob Wagner German composer. (1772) * William Ayrton English impresario. (1777) * Joachim Georg Nikolas Eggert German composer. (1779) * José Soler Uruguayan tenor. (1904) * Luis Sandi Mexican composer. (1905) * Hervey Alan English bass. (1910) * Jiří Pauer Czech composer and impresario. (1919) * David Ahlstrom American composer. (1927) * Anny Schlemm German soprano and mezzo-soprano. (1929) * Marni Nixon American soprano. (1930) * Silvano Carroli Italian baritone. (1939)

DEATHS * Ignaz Walter German composer and tenor. (1822) * John Davy English composer. (1824) * Hugo Wolf Austrian composer. (1903) * Stefan Zweig Austrian writer. (1942) * Jeanne Gordon Canadian mezzo-soprano. (1952) * Maria Capuana Italian mezzo-soprano. (1955) * Ivan Patorzhinsky Ukrainian bass. (1960) * Adrian Boult English conductor. (1983) * Otar Vasil'yevich Taktakishvili Georgian composer, conductor and writer on music. (1989)

PREMIERES Il palazzo incantato Luigi Rossi; Roma, Palazzo Barberini alle Quattro Fontane, 22 February 1642. Atys Niccolò Piccinni; Paris, Opéra, 22 February 1780. Cendrillon Nicolas Isouard; Paris, Opéra-Comique, 22 February 1810. Der Holzdieb Heinrich August Marschner; Dresden, Hoftheater, 22 February 1825. The Importance of Being Earnest Mario Castelnuovo-Tedesco; New York La Guardia Theatre, 22 February 1975. Vincent Rainer Kunad; Dresden, Staatsoper, 22 February 1979.
 

23 February
BIRTHS * George Frideric Handel English composer. (1685) * David August von Apell German composer. (1754) * Johann Kaspar Aiblinger German composer. (1779) * Edgar Istel German musicologist and composer. (1880) * André D'Arkor Belgian tenor. (1901) * Ronald Dowd Australian tenor. (1914) * Hall Overton American composer. (1920) * Ilse Hollweg German soprano. (1922) * Lejaren Hiller American composer. (1924) * Régine Crespin French soprano. (1927)

DEATHS * Georg Muffat German composer. (1704) * Svatopluk Čech Czech poet and writer. (1908) * Edward Elgar English composer. (1934) * Otto Strobel German musicologist. (1953) * Fritz Oeser German musicologist and editor. (1982)

PREMIERES La princesse de Navarre Jean-Philippe Rameau; Versailles La Grande Ecurie, 23 February 1745. Walder Georg Benda; Gotha, Schloss Friedenstein, 23 February 1776. La juive Fromental Halévy; Paris, Opéra, 23 February 1835. Manon Lescaut Daniel-François-Esprit Auber; Paris, Opéra-Comique, 23 February 1856. Oedipus rex Igor Stravinsky; Vienna, Staatsoper, 23 February 1928. Marilyn Lorenzo Ferrero; Roma, Teatro dell'Opera, 23 February 1980.