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25 April
BIRTHS * Benedetto Pamphili Italian patron. (1653) * Giovanni Marco Rutini Italian composer. (1723) * Fedele Fenaroli Italian composer and teacher. (1730) * Karl Prohaska Austrian composer. (1869) * Jaroslav Doubrava Czech composer. (1909) * Italo Tajo Italian bass. (1915) * Astrid Varnay American soprano. (1918) * Irene Jordan American soprano. (1919) * Erzsébet Szőnyi Hungarian composer. (1924) * Franco Mannino Italian composer. (1924) * Fritz Hübner German bass. (1933) * Seppo Ruohonen Finnish tenor. (1946) * Cynthia Clarey American mezzo-soprano. (1949)

DEATHS * Torquato Tasso Italian poet and playwright. (1595) * Abel Seyler Swiss impresario and actor. (1800) * François-Benoît Hoffman French librettist, critic and playwright. (1828) * Jean-Nicolas Bouilly French librettist. (1842) * John Knowles Paine American composer. (1906) * George Stephănescu Romanian composer, conductor and teacher. (1925) * Charles Hedmont Canadian tenor. (1940) * Vladimir Ivanovich Nemirovich-Danchenko Russian director. (1943) * Christopher Hassall English librettist and translator. (1963) * Zoltán Horusitzky Hungarian composer. (1985)

PREMIERES La vera costanza Joseph Haydn; Eszterháza, 25 April 1779. Die Gezeichneten Franz Schreker; Frankfurt, 25 April 1918. Turandot Giacomo Puccini; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 25 April 1926. Die wundersame Schustersfrau Udo Zimmermann; Schwetzingen, 25 April 1982.
 

26 April
BIRTHS * Margarete Schick German singer. (1773) * Auguste Panseron French composer and singing teacher. (1796) * Jean Nouguès French composer. (1875) * Florence Austral Australian soprano. (1894) * Max Brand Austrian composer. (1896) * Marga Höffgen German contralto. (1921) * Wilma Lipp Austrian soprano. (1925) * Louis Erlo French director. (1929) * Conrad Susa American composer. (1935)

DEATHS * Karl Siegmund, von Seckendorff German amateur composer and courtier. (1785) * Bernardo Ottani Italian composer. (1827) * Louise Bertin French composer. (1877) * Joseph Hellmesberger Austrian composer. (1907) * Pietro Platania Italian composer. (1907) * Hans Sommer German composer. (1922) * Hedwig Francillo-Kaufmann Austrian soprano. (1948) * Aaron Avshalomov American composer. (1965) * Michael Bohnen German bass-baritone. (1965) * Mariya Nikolayevna Kuznetsova Russian soprano. (1966) * James Pease American bass-baritone. (1967, 50 years)

PREMIERES L'amore artigiano Florian Leopold Gassmann; Vienna, Burgtheater, 26 April 1767. (250 years). Les danaïdes Antonio Salieri; Paris, Opéra, 26 April 1784. Zaporozhets za Dunayem Semyon Stepanovich Gulak-Artemovsky; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 14/26 April 1863. Belfagor Ottorino Respighi; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 26 April 1923. The Pilgrim's Progress Ralph Vaughan Williams; London, Covent Garden, 26 April 1951.
 

27 April
BIRTHS * Giacomo Durazzo Italian impresario, poet and diplomat. (1717, 300 years) * Andreas Jakob Romberg German composer. (1767, 250 years) * Louis Niedermeyer Swiss composer. (1802) * Friedrich Flotow German composer. (1812) * Arthur Nevin American composer. (1871) * Delia Reinhardt German soprano. (1892) * Norman Bel Geddes American stage designer. (1893) * Parashkev Hadjiev Bulgarian composer. (1912) * Guido Cantelli Italian conductor. (1920) * Beatrice Laufer American composer. (1923) * Tom McDonnell Australian baritone. (1940) * Judith Blegen American soprano. (1941) * James Atherton American tenor and director. (1943) * Ilona Tokody Hungarian soprano. (1953)

DEATHS * Tommaso Stanzani Italian librettist. (1717, 300 years) * Sigismond Thalberg German pianist and composer. (1871) * Carlos de Campos Brazilian composer. (1927) * Dmitry Smirnov Russian tenor. (1944) * Torsten Ralf Swedish tenor. (1954) * Michael Mudie English conductor. (1962) * Luise Willer German mezzo-soprano. (1970) * John Culshaw English record and television producer. (1980) * Julia Smith American composer. (1989)

PREMIERES Cadmus et Hermione Jean-Baptiste Lully; Paris, Jeu de paume de Béquet, 27 April 1673. Radamisto George Frideric Handel; London, King's Theatre, 27 April 1720. Il Trionfo di Clelia Johann Adolf Hasse; Vienna, Burgtheater, 27 April 1762. Roméo et Juliette Charles-François Gounod; Paris, Théâtre Lyrique, 27 April 1867. (150 years). Le roi de Lahore Jules Massenet; Paris, Opéra, 27 April 1877. Švanda the Bagpiper Jaromír Weinberger; Prague, National Theatre, 27 April 1927.