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19 August
BIRTHS * William Henry Fry American composer. (1813) * Viktor Alexandrovich Uspensky Russian composer and ethnomusicologist. (1879) * George Enescu Romanian composer. (1881) * Robert Heger German conductor and composer. (1886) * Paul Kont Austrian composer. (1920) * Martin Chusid American musicologist. (1925)

DEATHS * Carlo Arrigoni Italian composer. (1744) * Daniel Schiebeler German librettist. (1771) * Theresa Cornelys Italian singer. (1797) * Vincenzo Righini Italian composer, singing teacher and conductor. (1812) * Angelo Tarchi Italian composer. (1814) * Gioseffo Catrufo Italian composer. (1851) * Eugène-Prosper Prévost French composer. (1872) * František Zdeněk Skuherský Bohemian composer. (1892) * Sergey Pavlovich Dyagilev Russian impresario. (1929) * Clemens Franckenstein German composer, conductor and administrator. (1942) * Henry J Wood English conductor. (1944) * Frederick Ashton British choreographer. (1988)

PREMIERES West Side Story Leonard Bernstein; Washington, DC, National Theatre, 19 August 1957. Nausicaa Peggy Glanville-Hicks; Athens, Herodes Atticus Theatre, 19 August 1961.
 

20 August
BIRTHS * Jacopo Peri Italian composer. (1561) * Sophie Elisabeth German composer and poet. (1613) * Thomas Corneille French playwright and librettist. (1625) * Bernard de Bury French composer. (1720) * Jules Laurent Duprato French composer. (1827) * W H Bell English composer. (1873) * José Subirá Spanish musicologist. (1882) * Georgios Sklavos Greek composer. (1888) * Witold Friemann Polish composer. (1889) * Otto Strobel German musicologist. (1895) * Christian Bérard French painter, designer and illustrator. (1902) * Charles Shere American composer. (1935) * Anne Evans English soprano. (1939)

DEATHS * Martin Opitz German poet. (1639) * Pierre Guyenet French administrator. (1712) * György Császár Hungarian composer. (1850) * Philipp Jakob Riotte German composer. (1856) * Louis Varney French composer. (1908) * Arthur Coquard French composer. (1910) * Waldemar von Baussnern German composer. (1931) * Tadeusz Joteyko Polish composer. (1932) * Emile Mathieu Belgian composer. (1932) * Otakar Ostrčil Czech composer, conductor and director. (1935) * Arthur Preuss German tenor. (1944) * Arthur Cranmer English baritone. (1954) * Mabel Garrison American soprano. (1963) * Ivan Jirko Czech composer. (1978)

PREMIERES Le comte Ory Gioachino Rossini; Paris, Opéra, 20 August 1828. A Winter's Tale John Harbison; San Francisco Opera, 20 August 1979.
 

21 August
BIRTHS * Francesco Schira Italian composer, conductor and singing teacher. (1809) * Hedwig Lachmann German translator and poet. (1865) * Queena Mario American soprano. (1896) * Wilhelm Killmayer German composer. (1927) * Alberto Basso Italian musicologist. (1931) * Janet Baker English mezzo-soprano. (1933)

DEATHS * Alessandro Felici Italian composer. (1772) * Peter Joseph von Lindpaintner German composer and conductor. (1856) * Nicola van Westerhout Italian composer. (1898) * Frederick Corder English translator and composer. (1932) * Stevan Hristić Serbian composer and conductor. (1958) * Timothy Spelman American composer. (1970) * Yvonne Gall French soprano. (1972) * Tatiana Troyanos American mezzo-soprano. (1993)

PREMIERES Betly Gaetano Donizetti; Napoli, Teatro Nuovo, 21 August 1836.