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20 April
BIRTHS * Anna Maria Crouch English soprano and actress. (1763) * Brunswick French librettist. (1805) * Auguste Chapuis French composer. (1858) * Sem Dresden Dutch composer. (1881) * Veselin Stoyanov Bulgarian composer. (1902) * Josef Herrmann German baritone. (1903) * Giovanni Malipiero Italian tenor. (1906) * Jin Xiang Chinese composer. (1935) * John Eliot Gardiner English conductor. (1943)

DEATHS * Johan Henrik Kellgren Swedish librettist. (1795) * Carl Loewe German composer. (1869) * Alexander Girardi Austrian comic singer and actor. (1918) * Paul Franz French tenor. (1950) * Edward Johnson Canadian tenor and impresario. (1959) * Hilde Konetzni Austrian soprano. (1980) * Frederick Sharp English baritone. (1988) * Giuseppe Sinopoli Italian conductor and composer. (2001)

PREMIERES Lord {Byron} Virgil Thomson; Juilliard Theater, New York, 20 April 1972.
 

21 April
BIRTHS * Béni Egressy Hungarian composer and librettist. (1814, 200 years) * Charles Malherbe French musicologist and composer. (1853) * Leo Blech German conductor and composer. (1871) * Jaroslav Kvapil Czech composer and conductor. (1892) * Randall Thompson American composer. (1899) * Leonard Warren American baritone. (1911) * Bruno Maderna Italian composer. (1920) * Charles Hamm American musicologist. (1925) * Suzanne Sarroca French soprano. (1927) * Bengt Rundgren Swedish bass-baritone. (1931) * John McCabe English composer. (1939) * Jill Feldman American soprano. (1952)

DEATHS * Pietro Della Valle Italian author, librettist and composer. (1652) * Jean Racine French dramatist. (1699) * Marie-Justine-Benoîte Favart French singer and dramatist. (1772) * Filippo Finazzi Italian soprano castrato and composer. (1776) * Ferdinand Zellbell Swedish composer. (1780) * Friedrich Christian Beuther German stage designer. (1856) * Otto Johann Anton Dütsch Russian composer and conductor. (1863) * Temistocle Solera Italian librettist and composer. (1878) * F C Burnand English librettist and dramatist. (1917) * Carlos López Buchardo Argentine composer. (1948) * Olive Fremstad Swedish-American mezzo-soprano and soprano. (1951) * Giulio Neri Italian bass. (1958) * James Melton American tenor. (1961) * Jack Allan Westrup English scholar, teacher and conductor. (1975) * Willi Boskovsky Austrian conductor and violinist. (1991)

PREMIERES Ginevra di Scozia Simon Mayr; Trieste, Teatro Nuovo, 21 April 1801. Undine Albert Lortzing; Magdeburg, Nationaltheater, 21 April 1845. Edgar Giacomo Puccini; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 21 April 1889. Il Cappello di paglia di Firenze Nino Rota; Palermo, Teatro Massimo, 21 April 1955.
 

22 April
BIRTHS * Henry Fielding English playwright, novelist and librettist. (1707) * Friedrich Christian Beuther German stage designer. (1777) * Christian Friedrich Hermann Uber German composer. (1781) * Wilfred Bendall English composer. (1850) * Ethel Smyth English composer. (1858) * Aleksander Bandrowski-Sas Brandt Polish singer. (1860) * Armas Launis Finnish composer. (1884) * Juan Vert Spanish composer. (1890) * Kathleen Ferrier English contralto. (1912) * Pascal Bentoiu Romanian composer. (1927) * Michael Colgrass American composer. (1932) * Fiorenza Cossotto Italian mezzo-soprano. (1935)

DEATHS * Miguel de Cervantes Spanish writer. (1616) * Mario Savioni Italian alto and composer. (1685) * Carlo Maria Maggi Italian poet and playwright. (1699) * Joseph Starzer Austrian composer. (1787) * Josef Triebensee Bohemian composer. (1846) * Edouard Lalo French composer. (1892) * Emanuel Züngel Czech translator and librettist. (1894) * Ödön Mihalovich Hungarian composer. (1929) * Charles Friant French tenor. (1947) * José Siqueira Brazilian composer. (1985) * Leslie Kondorossy American composer and conductor. (1989)

PREMIERES Naïs Jean-Philippe Rameau; Paris, Opéra, 22 April 1749. The Old Maid and the Thief Gian Carlo Menotti; NBC, 22 April 1939. Semele John Eccles; London, St John's, Smith Square, 22 April 1972.