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23 October
BIRTHS * Peñaflorida Basque composer. (1729) * Pietro Generali Italian composer. (1773) * Albert Lortzing German composer. (1801) * João Gomes Brazilian composer. (1868) * Imre Palló Hungarian baritone. (1891) * Denise Duval French soprano. (1921) * Ned Rorem American composer. (1923) * Zbigniew Rudziński Polish composer. (1935) * Lawrence Foster American conductor. (1941) * Mari Anne Häggander Swedish soprano. (1951)

DEATHS * Giovanni Rovetta Italian composer. (1668) * Pierre-Charles Roy French librettist. (1764, 250 years) * Johann Gottlieb Naumann German composer. (1801) * Franz Seydelmann German composer. (1806) * Eugeniusz Morawski-Dąbrowa Polish composer. (1948) * Marian Telva American mezzo-soprano. (1962) * Viorica Ursuleac Romanian soprano. (1985)
 

24 October
BIRTHS * Thomas-Louis Bourgeois French composer and singer. (1676) * Marie Fel French singer. (1713) * Anna Amalia German amateur musician and patron. (1739) * Carl Envallsson Swedish librettist and translator. (1756) * Ramón Carnicer Spanish composer. (1789) * Ferdinand Hiller German composer. (1811) * Franco Leoni Italian composer. (1864, 150 years) * Emmerich Kálmán Hungarian composer. (1882) * Tito Gobbi Italian baritone. (1913) * Sena Jurinac Austrian soprano. (1921) * Luciano Berio Italian composer. (1925) * Renato De Grandis Italian composer. (1927) * Rainer Kunad German composer. (1936) * Cheryl Studer American soprano. (1955)

DEATHS * John Webb English architect. (1672) * Giuseppe Maria Orlandini Italian composer. (1760) * François-Jean Marquis de Chastellux French writer on music. (1788) * Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Austrian composer. (1799) * Joseph Aloys Schittbaur German composer. (1809) * Charles Lecocq French composer. (1918) * Franz Lehár Austro-Hungarian composer and conductor. (1948) * Frederick Jacobi American composer. (1952) * Martin Shaw English composer. (1958) * Carl Ruggles American composer. (1971) * Elena Nicolai Bulgarian mezzo-soprano. (1993)

PREMIERES L'europe galante André Campra; Paris, Opéra, 24 October 1697. Castor et Pollux Jean-Philippe Rameau; Paris, Opéra, 24 October 1737. La donna del lago Gioachino Rossini; Napoli, Teatro S Carlo, 24 October 1819. Der Zigeunerbaron Johann Strauss; Vienna, Theater an der Wien, 24 October 1885. I capricci di Callot Gian Francesco Malipiero; Roma, Teatro Reale dell'Opera, 24 October 1942. Morte dell'aria Goffredo Petrassi; Roma, Teatro Eliseo, 24 October 1950.
 

25 October
BIRTHS * Georg Gebel German composer. (1709) * Pierre-Adrien Pâris French stage designer. (1745) * Johann Strauss Austrian composer. (1825) * Georges Bizet French composer. (1838) * Franc-Nohain French poet, novelist and playwright. (1872) * Karl Elmendorff German conductor. (1891) * Cemal Reşit Rey Turkish composer, pianist and conductor. (1904) * Galina Vishnevskaya Russian soprano. (1926) * Anita Välkki Finnish soprano. (1926) * Hana Janků Czech soprano. (1940) * Ortrun Wenkel German contralto. (1942) * Giuliano Ciannella Italian tenor. (1943)

DEATHS * François Parfaict French theatre historian. (1753) * Pasquale Cafaro Italian composer. (1787) * Francesco Antonio Baldassare Uttini Italian composer and conductor. (1795) * Barnaba Bonesi Italian composer. (1824) * José Padilla Spanish composer. (1960) * Roger Désormière French conductor and composer. (1963) * Hans Knappertsbusch German conductor. (1965) * Herbert Alsen German bass. (1978) * Stanford Robinson English conductor. (1984)

PREMIERES Adriano in Siria Giovanni Battista Pergolesi; Napoli, Teatro S Bartolomeo, 25 October 1734. Livietta e Tracollo Giovanni Battista Pergolesi; Napoli, Teatro S Bartolomeo, 25 October 1734. Euryanthe Carl Maria von Weber; Vienna, Kärntnertortheater, 25 October 1823. Il Corsaro Giuseppe Verdi; Trieste, Teatro Grande, 25 October 1848. Wiener Blut Adolf Müller the Younger after Johann Strauss; Vienna, Carltheater, 25 October 1899. Pohjalaisia Leevi Madetoja; Helsinki, Finnish Opera, 25 October 1924.