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22 October
BIRTHS * Vincenzo Manfredini Italian composer. (1737) * Ambrogio Minoja Italian composer. (1752) * Daniel Steibelt French composer. (1765) * Federico Ricci Italian composer. (1809) * Franz Liszt Hungarian composer, pianist and conductor. (1811) * Carlo Emanuele Barbieri de Barbieri Italian conductor and composer. (1822) * Leopold Damrosch German conductor and composer. (1832) * Carl Muck German conductor. (1859) * Fidelio F Finke German composer. (1891) * Marcel Mihalovici French composer. (1898) * Günther Treptow German tenor. (1907) * Esther Réthy Hungarian soprano. (1912) * Doris Lessing British writer. (1919) * Hikaru Hayashi Japanese composer. (1931) * Donald McIntyre British bass-baritone. (1934) * Tadeáš Salva Slovak composer. (1937) * Elizabeth Connell Irish soprano. (1946) * Aldo Bertolo Italian tenor. (1949)

DEATHS * Benedetto Ferrari Italian composer, librettist and impresario. (1681) * Samuel Arnold English composer. (1802) * Louis Spohr German composer. (1859) * Vanni-Marcoux French bass and baritone. (1962) * Pauline Donalda Canadian soprano. (1970) * David Fraklin English bass. (1973) * Oscar Fritz Schuh German director and administrator. (1984) * Ernst Hermann Meyer German composer and musicologist. (1988)

PREMIERES Le faucon Dmitry Stepanovich Bortnyansky; Gatchina Palace, 11/22 October 1786. Il Marescalco Gian Francesco Malipiero; Treviso, Teatro Comunale, 22 October 1969. Nixon in China John Adams; Houston, Grand Opera, 22 October 1987.
 

23 October
BIRTHS * Peñaflorida Basque composer. (1729) * Pietro Generali Italian composer. (1773) * Albert Lortzing German composer. (1801) * João Gomes Brazilian composer. (1868, 150 years) * Imre Palló Hungarian baritone. (1891) * Denise Duval French soprano. (1921) * Ned Rorem American composer. (1923) * Zbigniew Rudziński Polish composer. (1935) * Lawrence Foster American conductor. (1941) * Mari Anne Häggander Swedish soprano. (1951)

DEATHS * Giovanni Rovetta Italian composer. (1668, 350 years) * Pierre-Charles Roy French librettist. (1764) * Johann Gottlieb Naumann German composer. (1801) * Franz Seydelmann German composer. (1806) * Eugeniusz Morawski-Dąbrowa Polish composer. (1948) * Marian Telva American mezzo-soprano. (1962) * Viorica Ursuleac Romanian soprano. (1985) * Robert Merrill American baritone. (2004)
 

24 October
BIRTHS * Thomas-Louis Bourgeois French composer and singer. (1676) * Marie Fel French singer. (1713) * Anna Amalia German amateur musician and patron. (1739) * Carl Envallsson Swedish librettist and translator. (1756) * Ramón Carnicer Spanish composer. (1789) * Ferdinand Hiller German composer. (1811) * Franco Leoni Italian composer. (1864) * Emmerich Kálmán Hungarian composer. (1882) * Tito Gobbi Italian baritone. (1913) * Sena Jurinac Austrian soprano. (1921) * Luciano Berio Italian composer. (1925) * Renato De Grandis Italian composer. (1927) * Rainer Kunad German composer. (1936) * Cheryl Studer American soprano. (1955)

DEATHS * John Webb English architect. (1672) * Giuseppe Maria Orlandini Italian composer. (1760) * François-Jean Marquis de Chastellux French writer on music. (1788) * Carl Ditters von Dittersdorf Austrian composer. (1799) * Joseph Aloys Schittbaur German composer. (1809) * Charles Lecocq French composer. (1918, 100 years) * Franz Lehár Austro-Hungarian composer and conductor. (1948) * Frederick Jacobi American composer. (1952) * Martin Shaw English composer. (1958) * Carl Ruggles American composer. (1971) * Elena Nicolai Bulgarian mezzo-soprano. (1993)

PREMIERES L'europe galante André Campra; Paris, Opéra, 24 October 1697. Castor et Pollux Jean-Philippe Rameau; Paris, Opéra, 24 October 1737. La donna del lago Gioachino Rossini; Napoli, Teatro S Carlo, 24 October 1819. Der Zigeunerbaron Johann Strauss; Vienna, Theater an der Wien, 24 October 1885. I capricci di Callot Gian Francesco Malipiero; Roma, Teatro Reale dell'Opera, 24 October 1942. Morte dell'aria Goffredo Petrassi; Roma, Teatro Eliseo, 24 October 1950.