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24 January
BIRTHS * Frederick II German monarch and patron. (1712) * Pierre-Augustin Beaumarchais French writer. (1732) * Gustavus III Swedish patron and librettist. (1746) * E T A Hoffmann German composer and writer. (1776) * Jaro Prohaska Austrian bass-baritone. (1891) * Elena Nicolai Bulgarian mezzo-soprano. (1905) * Howell Glynne Welsh bass. (1906) * Norman Dello Joio American composer. (1913) * Gottfried von Einem Austrian composer. (1918, 100 years) * Leon Kirchner American composer and conductor. (1919) * Nikolla Zoraqi Albanian composer. (1929) * Birgit Finnilä Swedish contralto. (1931) * Ib Nørholm Danish composer. (1931)

DEATHS * Jean Berain French designer. (1711) * Lavinia Fenton English actress and singer. (1760) * Andrea Bernasconi Italian composer. (1784) * Gaspare Spontini Italian composer. (1851) * Friedrich Flotow German composer. (1883) * Manuel Penella Spanish composer. (1939) * Tihomil Vidošić Croatian composer. (1973)

PREMIERES Le nozze di Teti e di Peleo Francesco Cavalli; Venezia, Teatro S Cassiano, 24 January 1639. L'ecole de la jeunesse Egidio Duni; Paris, Comédie-Italienne, 24 January 1765. Amphion Johann Gottlieb Naumann; Stockholm, Bollhus Theatre, 24 January 1778. I Puritani Vincenzo Bellini; Paris, Théâtre Italien, 24 January 1835. Francesca da Rimini Sergey Vasil'yevich Rakhmaninov; Moscow, Bol'shoy Theatre, 11/24 January 1906. The Miserly Knight Sergey Vasil'yevich Rakhmaninov; Moscow, Bol'shoy Theatre, 11/24 January 1906.
 

25 January
BIRTHS * Hamilton Clarke English composer and conductor. (1840) * Jan Blockx Belgian composer. (1851) * Wilhelm Furtwängler German conductor. (1886) * Peter Klein Austrian tenor. (1907) * Julia Smith American composer. (1911) * Athanas Margaritov Bulgarian conductor. (1912) * Raymond Pannell Canadian composer and pianist. (1935)

DEATHS * Marco Marazzoli Italian composer. (1662) * Geminiano Giacomelli Italian composer. (1740) * Domenico Natale Sarro Italian composer. (1744) * Giusto Ferdinando Tenducci Italian soprano castrato and composer. (1790) * Maciej Kamieński Polish composer. (1821) * William Shield English composer. (1829) * Gaetano Rossi Italian librettist. (1855) * Stepan Mitusov Russian librettist, pianist and conductor. (1942) * Minnie Saltzmann-Stevens American soprano. (1950) * Rutland Boughton English composer and writer. (1960) * Ettore Bastianini Italian baritone. (1967) * Aylmer Buesst Australian conductor. (1970) * Jane Bathori French mezzo-soprano and director. (1970) * Toti Dal Monte Italian soprano. (1975) * Imre Palló Hungarian baritone. (1978) * Emil Hlobil Czech composer and teacher. (1987) * Henry Krips Australian conductor. (1987) * Ruth Berghaus German director. (1996)

PREMIERES Xerse Giovanni Bononcini; Roma, Teatro di Tordinona, 25 January 1694. Pyramus and Thisbe John Frederick Lampe; London, Covent Garden, 25 January 1745. La cenerentola Gioachino Rossini; Roma, Teatro Valle, 25 January 1817. The Demon Anton Grigor'yevich Rubinstein; St Petersburg, Mariinsky Theatre, 13/25 January 1875. Elektra Richard Strauss; Dresden, Hofoper, 25 January 1909. Madame Sans-Gêne Umberto Giordano; New York, Metropolitan Opera, 25 January 1915.
 

26 January
BIRTHS * Antonio Maria Abbatini Italian composer. (1595) * Helmina von Chezy German poet and librettist. (1783) * Józef Damse Polish composer. (1789) * Frederick Corder English translator and composer. (1852) * Theo Herrmann Austrian bass. (1902) * Johannes Driessler German composer. (1921) * Emil Lerescu Romanian composer. (1921) * Frances Bible American mezzo-soprano. (1927) * Peter Ronnefeld German composer. (1935) * Zbigniew Penherski Polish composer. (1935)

DEATHS * Silvio Stampiglia Italian librettist. (1725) * Christian Gottlob Neefe German composer. (1798) * Gérard de Nerval French writer and translator. (1856) * Luigi Denza Italian composer. (1922) * Grace Moore American soprano. (1947) * Elvira Casazza Italian mezzo-soprano. (1965) * Julius Patzak Austrian tenor. (1974) * Tiana Lemnitz German soprano. (1994) * Henry Lewis American conductor. (1996) * August Everding German director and administrator. (1999)

PREMIERES Arianna in Creta George Frideric Handel; London, King's Theatre, 26 January 1734. Così fan tutte Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart; Vienna, Burgtheater, 26 January 1790. Lodoiska Simon Mayr; Venezia, Teatro La Fenice, 26 January 1796. Der Rosenkavalier Richard Strauss; Dresden, Königliches Opernhaus, 26 January 1911. Dialogues des Carmélites Francis Poulenc; Milano, Teatro alla Scala, 26 January 1957.