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20 November
BIRTHS * Friedrich Heinrich Himmel German composer. (1765) * Arthur Goring Thomas English composer. (1850) * Margaret Sutherland Australian composer. (1897) * T J Walsh Irish writer on opera. (1911) * Tibor Frešo Slovak composer and conductor. (1918) * Armin Schibler Swiss composer. (1920) * René Kollo German tenor. (1937) * Barbara Hendricks American soprano. (1948) * Vinson Cole American tenor. (1950) * Carolyn Abbate American musicologist. (1955)

DEATHS * Giuseppe Fabbrini Italian composer. (1708) * Mattia Verazi Italian librettist. (1794) * Francesco Lucca Italian publisher. (1872) * Wilhelm Stenhammar Swedish composer. (1927) * Alfred Lorenz German musicologist and conductor. (1939) * Francesco Cilea Italian composer. (1950) * Leslie Hurry English painter and designer. (1978) * Alexander Moyzes Slovak composer. (1984) * James Atherton American tenor and director. (1987)

PREMIERES Fidelio Ludwig van Beethoven; Vienna, Theater an der Wien, 20 November 1805. Grisélidis Jules Massenet; Paris, Opéra-Comique, 20 November 1901. The Magic Fountain Frederick Delius; London, BBC Radio, 20 November 1977.
 

21 November
BIRTHS * Carlo Innocenzo Frugoni Italian poet and librettist. (1692) * Voltaire French author and philosopher. (1694) * Alessandro Felici Italian composer. (1742) * Josef Triebensee Bohemian composer. (1772) * Malcolm Williamson Australian composer. (1931) * Julia Hamari Hungarian mezzo-soprano. (1942) * Anne-Marie Rodde French soprano. (1946)

DEATHS * Henry Purcell English composer and organist. (1695) * Pietro Pompeo Sales Italian composer. (1797) * Heinrich von Kleist German writer. (1811) * Gaetano Braga Italian composer. (1907) * Harry Vincent Higgins English administrator. (1928) * Joseph Deighn Redding American composer and librettist. (1932) * Henri Cain French writer and librettist. (1937) * Ivan Vasil'yevich Yershov Russian tenor. (1943) * Karol Rathaus American composer. (1954) * Karel Hába Czech composer. (1972) * Frank Martin Swiss composer. (1974) * Paul Schöffler Austrian bass-baritone. (1977) * Gerhard Hüsch German baritone. (1984)

PREMIERES The Duenna Thomas Linley; London, Covent Garden, 21 November 1775. The Pirates Stephen Storace; London, King's Theatre in the Haymarket, 21 November 1792. Le convenienze teatrali Gaetano Donizetti; Napoli, Teatro Nuovo, 21 November 1827. Robert le diable Giacomo Meyerbeer; Paris, Opéra, 21 November 1831. Feuersnot Richard Strauss; Dresden, Hofoper, 21 November 1901.
 

22 November
BIRTHS * François Collin de Blamont French composer. (1690) * Conradin Kreutzer German composer and conductor. (1780) * José Augusto Ferreira Veiga Portuguese composer. (1838) * Jacques Jansen French baritone. (1913) * Benjamin Britten English composer. (1913) * Günter Reich Israeli bass. (1921) * Fikret Amirov Azerbaijani composer. (1922) * Gunther Schuller American composer. (1925) * Peter Hall English director. (1930) * Hans Zender German composer and conductor. (1936) * Theophil Antonicek Austrian musicologist. (1937) * Jerome Pruett American tenor. (1941) * Elizabeth Laurence English mezzo-soprano. (1949) * Kent Nagano American conductor. (1951) * Sumi Jo Korean soprano. (1962)

DEATHS * Bernardo Pasquini Italian composer. (1710) * Mattia Vento Italian composer. (1776) * Sophie Seyler German actress and writer. (1789) * Theobald Hilarius Marchand German singer. (1800) * Arthur Sullivan English composer and conductor. (1900) * Joseph Guy Ropartz French composer. (1955) * William Franke Harling American composer. (1958) * Ninon Vallin French soprano. (1961) * Aldous Huxley English writer. (1963) * Acario Cotapos Chilean composer. (1969) * Max Deutsch French composer. (1982)

PREMIERES Il Pastor fido George Frideric Handel; London, Queen's Theatre, 22 November 1712. Imeneo George Frideric Handel; London, Lincoln's Inn Fields, 22 November 1740. Le roi et le fermier Pierre-Alexandre Monsigny; Paris, Comédie-Italienne, 22 November 1762. Iris Pietro Mascagni; Roma, Teatro Costanzi, 22 November 1898.