Opera statistics 2012/13 
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Statistics : 2015/16 2014/15 2013/14 2012/13 2011/12 2009/10

Key figures at-a-glance:

  • Operabase
    400.000 performances on file since 1996;
    Seasons of 900+ opera companies, around 25,000 performances each year

  • The five seasons 2008/9 to 2012/13
    Works from 1161 different composers were played, of whom more than half (600) are living
    A total of 2415 different works were given, including 300 world premieres over the 5 seasons

  • The 2012/13 season
    Over 24500 performances
    The most operatic countries: Germany (7393 performances)
    Cities with the most opera: Wien (584 performances)
CountriesTop
Total number of performances by country, for the 2012/13 season.
In brackets, the national populations in millions. As Operabase collected about 24,500 performances in this season, Germany is mounting about 30% of all opera performances globally.
Compared with our previous statistics, we have a lot more data from the east of Europe: Russia moves into third place, and the Ukraine, Romania and Bulgaria all appear in the top 20 for the first time.
deGermany  7230 (81.758m)
usUnited States  1730 (308.746m)
ruRussia  1441 (141.927m)
frFrance  1288 (65.822m)
atAustria  1252 (8.356m)
itItaly  1162 (60.419m)
ukUnited Kingdom  1023 (62.042m)
czCzech Republic  863 (10.675m)
chSwitzerland  795 (7.786m)
10 plPoland  619 (38.192m)
11 huHungary  608 (9.942m)
12 esSpain  531 (46.030m)
13 uaUkraine  407 (44.854m)
14 seSweden  405 (9.354m)
15 auAustralia  334 (22.560m)
16 roRomania  275 (21.959m)
17 bgBulgaria  264 (7.577m)
18 beBelgium  260 (10.828m)
19 skSlovakia  256 (5.430m)
20 trTurkey  232 (75.627m)
Countries, per capitaTop
The number of performances per million citizens.
In brackets, the total number of performances and the population in millions.
The top five in the table are unchanged, with Austria still dominating the top position.
atAustria149.8 (1252 /8.356m)
chSwitzerland102.1 (795 /7.786m)
eeEstonia95.5 (128 /1.340m)
deGermany88.4 (7230 /81.758m)
czCzech Republic80.8 (863 /10.675m)
huHungary61.2 (608 /9.942m)
ltLithuania52.1 (169 /3.244m)
siSlovenia51.2 (105 /2.049m)
skSlovakia47.1 (256 /5.430m)
10 seSweden43.3 (405 /9.354m)
11 luLuxembourg41.8 (21 /0.502m)
12 noNorway38.9 (192 /4.938m)
13 hrCroatia37.4 (168 /4.486m)
14 bgBulgaria34.8 (264 /7.577m)
15 dkDenmark34.2 (190 /5.558m)
16 fiFinland30.5 (164 /5.375m)
17 lvLatvia24.3 (54 /2.218m)
18 beBelgium24.0 (260 /10.828m)
19 frFrance19.6 (1288 /65.822m)
20 itItaly19.2 (1162 /60.419m)
CitiesTop
The number of performances in each city, in the 2012/13 season.
The figure given in brackets is the urban population in millions.
1at (#1)Wien  578  (2.00m)
2de (#1)Berlin  523  (3.44m)
3fr (#1)Paris  437  (10.20m)
4ru (#1)Moscow  424  (10.56m)
5ru (#2)St Petersburg  377  (4.88m)
6cz (#1)Praha  374  (1.25m)
7uk (#1)London  344  (8.28m)
8de (#2)Hamburg  335  (1.77m)
9hu (#1)Budapest  331  (2.52m)
10us (#1)New York  299  (18.22m)
11de (#3)Dresden  295  (0.78m)
12de (#4)München  246  (2.61m)
13ch (#1)Zurich  229  (0.37m)
14se (#1)Stockholm  214  (1.25m)
15de (#5)Frankfurt  184  (2.29m)
16au (#1)Sydney  178  (3.64m)
17es (#1)Madrid  172  (3.26m)
18de (#6)Stuttgart  162  (1.80m)
19de (#7)Leipzig  157  (1.00m)
20pl (#1)Wroclaw  155  (0.63m)

ComposersTop
Composers ranked by the number of performances of their operas over the five seasons 2008/09 to 2012/13
11it (#1)Verdi 13711(2991)
22at (#1)Mozart 11366(2337)
33it (#2)Puccini 10410(2174)
44it (#3)Rossini 4581(1028)
55de (#1)Wagner,R 4270(1104)
66it (#4)Donizetti 4195(1006)
77fr (#1)Bizet 3259(639)
88at (#2)Strauss,J 2829(423)
99de (#2)Strauss,R 2461(516)
1010fr (#2)Offenbach 2190(440)
1111uk (#1)Handel 2147(596)
1212ru (#1)Tchaikovsky,P 2036(450)
1313hu (#1)Lehar 1912(280)
1414uk (#2)Britten 1538(356)
1515de (#3)Humperdinck 1473(277)
1616hu (#2)Kalman,E 1286(211)
1717cz (#1)Janacek 1129(279)
1818fr (#3)Gounod 1020(228)
1919it (#5)Bellini 968(255)
2020fr (#4)Massenet 950(213)
2121it (#6)Leoncavallo 939(216)
2222cz (#2)Dvorak,A 763(139)
2323it (#7)Mascagni 745(186)
2424de (#4)Gluck 719(161)
2525de (#5)Weill 699(155)
2626de (#6)Weber 638(100)
2727de (#7)Beethoven 631(165)
2828uk (#3)Purcell 520(151)
2929it (#8)Monteverdi 510(131)
3030at (#3)Benatzky 495(64)
3131cz (#3)Smetana 488(86)
3232fr (#5)Poulenc 485(134)
3333at (#4)Berg 461(94)
3434ru (#2)Stravinsky 458(107)
3535ru (#3)Musorgsky 446(108)
3636ru (#4)Prokofiev 422(91)
3737ru (#5)Rimsky-Korsakov 406(130)
3838de (#8)Lortzing 376(67)
3939at (#5)Haydn 368(114)
4040ru (#6)Shostakovich 332(74)
4141us (#1)Glass [*]329(81)
4242fr (#6)Berlioz 320(85)

Composers: 42 (Productions: 18442, Performances: 85281)
[*] : Living composers (1)
Living composersTop
Living composers ranked by the number of performances of their operas over the five seasons 2008/09 to 2012/13
411us (#1)Glass [*]329(81)
682uk (#1)Dove [*]140(28)
75=3us (#2)Adams [*]110(24)
794us (#3)Heggie [*]99(25)
815uk (#2)Davies,PM [*]98(30)
90=6de (#1)Rihm [*]86(22)
90=7de (#2)Schwemmer [*]86(11)
938hu (#1)Eotvos [*]84(23)
96=9at (#1)Naske [*][f]83(7)
10210de (#3)Glanert [*]80(16)
103=11de (#4)Jost [*]78(14)
106=12de (#5)Reimann [*]76(14)
106=13de (#6)Vollmer [*]76(7)
11114uk (#3)Birtwistle [*]73(23)
11315us (#4)Floyd [*]72(16)
11416de (#7)Lund [*]71(18)
117=17it (#1)Sciarrino [*]69(17)
117=18us (#5)Waits [*]69(7)
121=19us (#6)Barab [*]68(3)
12520us (#7)Pape [*]66(8)
12721de (#8)Hiller,W [*]62(10)
130=22at (#2)Mitterer [*]57(11)
130=23de (#9)Lange [*]57(7)
133=24de (#10)Tarkmann [*]56(7)
140=25fr (#1)Wagner,Reinhardt [*]52(2)
142=26uk (#4)Ades [*]51(11)
144=27de (#11)Zaufke [*]50(4)
15228uk (#5)Benjamin,G [*]46(18)
153=29fi (#1)Saariaho [*][f]45(10)
153=30it (#2)Valtinoni [*]45(5)
15831fr (#2)Dusapin [*]44(24)
158=32pl (#1)Penderecki [*]44(10)
16533jp (#1)Hosokawa [*]42(13)
167=34uk (#6)Weir [*][f]41(8)
17235de (#12)Zimmermann,U [*]39(10)
17536de (#13)Goebbels [*]38(13)
175=37at (#3)Baumgartner [*]38(7)
17838be (#1)Boesmans [*]37(9)
17939fr (#3)Strasnoy [*]36(13)
179=40 (#8)Bruce,D [*]36(9)

Composers: 40 (Productions: 595, Performances: 2829)
[f] : Female composers (3)

OperasTop
11at (#1)Mozart (#1) Die Zauberflote 3343(578)
22it (#1)Verdi (#1) La traviata 3154(646)
33fr (#1)Bizet (#1) Carmen 2917(560)
44it (#2)Puccini (#1) La boheme 2800(554)
55at (#2)Mozart (#2) Le nozze di Figaro 2489(514)
66it (#3)Puccini (#2) Tosca 2311(487)
77it (#4)Puccini (#3) Madama Butterfly 2288(481)
88it (#5)Rossini (#1) Il barbiere di Siviglia 2262(482)
99at (#3)Mozart (#3) Don Giovanni 2166(409)
1010it (#6)Verdi (#2) Rigoletto 2071(444)
1111at (#4)Strauss,J (#1) Die Fledermaus 2005(300)
1212it (#7)Verdi (#3) Aida 1513(305)
1313at (#5)Mozart (#4) Cosi fan tutte 1471(346)
1414de (#1)Humperdinck (#1) Hansel und Gretel [c]1460(275)
1515it (#8)Donizetti (#1) L'elisir d'amore 1418(312)
1616ru (#1)Tchaikovsky,P (#1) Eugene Onegin 1221(266)
1717hu (#1)Lehar (#1) Die lustige Witwe 1217(168)
1818it (#9)Puccini (#4) Turandot 1170(237)
1919it (#10)Verdi (#4) Nabucco 1083(261)
2020it (#11)Donizetti (#2) Lucia di Lammermoor 948(211)
2121it (#12)Leoncavallo (#1) Pagliacci 907(211)
2222it (#13)Verdi (#5) Il trovatore 859(232)
2323it (#14)Rossini (#2) La cenerentola 822(166)
2424it (#15)Verdi (#6) Un ballo in maschera 801(170)
2525hu (#2)Kalman,E (#1) Die Csardasfurstin 776(125)
 ┃ ┃Number of performance runs ("productions")
 ┃ ┃Composer WorkNumber of performances
 ┃ ┗ National ranking
 ┃ Ranking in this filtered list
 ┗ Global ranking across all works

Operas: 25 (Productions: 8740, Performances: 43472)
[c] : Works for children/youths (1)

Operabase produces an annual New and Rare listing, highlighting about 600 of the more unusual titles in the season.  It is available online, at New&Rare